Before Him Will Be Gathered All The Nations: The Son of Man judges the sheep and the goats

DRAFT main point of passage

Matthew 25:31-46

The Setting: Who Where and When
In the twenty-fourth and fifth chapters of Matthew, He describes a discourse, or a teaching, of Jesus Christ that was given to His disciples on the Mount of Olives. Jesus telling is people was to become of this kingdom that Christ spoke of from the beginning of his ministry. Its place in chronological history of the life of Christ, it was the last of five teachings of Christ before the crucifixion. Unless one had the ability to see the beauty of the Kingdom of God and the hope that it brings it could be seen as a bittersweet event of a beloved teacher leaving his pupils with his parting words of instruction of things to come. This discourse covered not only the final judgement and a criterion therein that qualifies who may enter the kingdom or enter punishment, but it also a warning to the flock by their all-wise shepherd to be watchful, prepared for suffering and tribulation, and finally, that there will be a span of time, of which no one knows how long except God, before the Son of Man returns enacting the Final Judgement.
Christ returning as the King of The Kingdom of Heaven, judging all against their worthiness to enter His eternal kingdom.

  1. “When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit on his glorious throne. (Matthew 25:31 ESV)
    1. Historical interpretations
    2. Jesus is Son of Man, physically
      1. Psalm 8
      2. Ezekial
    3. Jesus is Son of Man, Divine Authority-Spiritually
      1. See Daniel 7:13-14 see alexander p.113, Ladd
      2. See Matt 8:20
      3. See Rev19:11-16
    1. Jesus is Son of Man, The Servant Shepherd
      1. Isaiah 53
      2. Ezek 34
  1. Before him will be gathered all the nations… (Matthew 25:32 A ESV)
    1. Historical interpretations
    2. All the nations Him- Christ returning as authoritative judge, Son of Man
    3. All Nations is not explicitly judeo-centric or specific to the church, but all peoples including the church.
    4. All Nations is explicitly missiological
      1. Matt 28:16-20
      2. Jewish History and Culture of claiming the one true God in whom all must be made aware of and converted to belief in. (Skarsaune)
      3. All Nations is explicitly eschatalogical
      1. End of the Epoch, Already accomplished salvation will be completely consummated. The already will become: It is Here!
      2. Introduces End of the exile
      3. Typological fulfillment of entering the promised land and the kingdom of Heaven
  2. Separate people from one another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. (Matthew 25:32 B ESV)
    1. Ezek 34 fulfilled
    2. Sheep – have value and worth, not of works but because of redemptive value in extending the glory of God through the proclaimation of the Kingdom, making disciples of all nations and assisting this effort – see Blomberg
      1. Endured Matt 10:22
      2. Acknowledged by the Shepherd Matt 10:32
      3. Rewarded for faith evidenced by good and faithful service in extending the glory of the Kingdom. Matt 10:42
    3. Goats- appear similar, devour, hardness of heart and failure to obey commands of Christ to his sheep.
      1. Matt 10:15

Be ready, therefore.
And Jesus came and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.”
(Matthew 28:18-20 ESV)


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